Larry Sanger

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Lawrence Mark "Larry" Sanger (born July 16, 1968[1]) is an American philosopher, co-founder of Wikipedia, and the founder of Citizendium.[2][3][4] He grew up in Anchorage, Alaska.[2] From an early age he has been interested in philosophy.[5] Sanger received a B.A. in philosophy from Reed College in 1991 and a Ph.D. in philosophy from The Ohio State University in 2000.[6] Most of his philosophical work has focused on epistemology, the theory of knowledge.[5]

He has been involved with various online encyclopedia projects.[7] He is the former editor-in-chief of Nupedia,[8] chief organizer (2001–2002) of its successor, Wikipedia,[9] and founding editor-in-chief of Citizendium.[10] From his position at Nupedia, he assembled the process for article development.[11] Sanger proposed implementing a wiki,[12] which led directly to the creation of Wikipedia.[13] Initially Wikipedia was a complementary project for Nupedia.[13] He was Wikipedia's early community leader[14] and established many of its original policies.[15] He spearheaded an alternative wiki-based project, Citizendium.[16]

Sanger left Wikipedia in 2002, and has since been critical of the project.[17] He articulated that despite its merits, Wikipedia lacks credibility due to, among other things, a lack of respect for expertise.[18] After leaving the project, Sanger taught philosophy at The Ohio State University[5] and was an early strategist for the expert-authored Encyclopedia of Earth.[19] On September 15, 2006 he publicly announced Citizendium, first envisioned as a fork of Wikipedia.[20] It was launched on March 25, 2007.[21] Citizendium represents an effort to create a credible and free-access encyclopedia.[22] Sanger had aimed to bring more accountability to the internet encyclopedia model.[10]

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