Latin Rite

related topics
{church, century, christian}
{language, word, form}
{law, state, case}
{area, part, region}
{woman, child, man}
{group, member, jewish}

The Latin Rite or Latin Church is the majority rite (in the sense of "church", not of "liturgical tradition") or particular church within the Catholic Church.[1] The Latin Rite is one of the 23 sui iuris particular churches within the Catholic Church; the other 22 are known as Eastern Catholic Churches. This particular church developed in Western Europe and North Africa, where, from classical antiquity to the Renaissance, Latin was the principal language of education and culture, and so also of the liturgy.[2]

Contents

Terminology

The term "Latin Rite" was once clearly synonymous with Western Church, a term that some continue to use exclusively of the Church in communion with the Holy See and its Bishop the Pope.[3] In this sense, "Western Church" is distinguished from the "Eastern Catholic Churches" (plural), whose liturgies use the languages and rituals that were dominant in their areas at the time of their formation, or modern languages such as Arabic. However, except in the context of the Catholic Church, "Western Church" is most frequently understood as synonymous with "Western Christianity" and as distinguished from "Eastern Christianity", making it necessary in such contexts to use the more specific term "Western Catholic Church". Latin Church is yet another term used for the particular Church in question. This term appears, for instance, in the opening canon of both the 1917 and the 1983 editions of the Code of Canon Law.[4] Latin Catholic Church is very rarely used, and never in official documents of the Church.

The term "Latin rite" is used also, in singular or plural ("a Latin rite" or "(the) Latin rites"), to refer to one or more of the forms of sacred liturgy used in different parts of this Latin Church.[5] (See Latin liturgical rites.) They include the widely used Roman Rite, the Ambrosian Rite of Milan and neighbouring areas, and the Mozarabic Rite, in limited use in Spain, above all at Toledo. Anglican Use is also a liturgy of the Latin Rite. The Roman Rite replaced other Latin liturgical rites at various times: the Carolingian emperors favoured it in their territory; Pope Pius V in 1570 suppressed those with an antiquity of less than two centuries; and several religious orders abandoned their liturgical rites after the Second Vatican Council, when languages other than Latin began to be generally used in the Latin-Rite liturgies.

Full article ▸

related documents
Doge's Palace
Second Council of the Lateran
Abbess
Pope Caius
Hippo Regius
Mark the Evangelist
Fulda
First Council of the Lateran
Het Loo
Pope Clement XI
Corleone
Les Invalides
Pope Stephen I
Quirinal Hill
Athanasian Creed
Veit Stoss
Pope Sylvester I
Château de Chambord
Olaf II of Norway
Cimabue
Pope Leo II
Pope Agatho
Western Christianity
Second Council of Constantinople
Amalfi
John Climacus
Lucca
Holyrood Abbey
Gniezno
List of abbeys and priories in Northern Ireland