Legislative Yuan

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The Legislative Yuan (Chinese: 立法院; pinyin: Lìfǎ Yuàn; literally "law-establishing court") is the unicameral legislature of the Republic of China (Taiwan).

The Legislative Yuan is one of the five branches (called 'yuàn', "courts") of government stipulated by the Constitution of the Republic of China, which follows Sun Yat-sen's Three Principles of the People. Although sometimes referred to as a "parliament", the Legislative Yuan, under Sun's political theory, is a branch of government, while only the National Assembly of the Republic of China (now abolished), with the power to amend the constitution and formerly to elect the President and Vice President, could be considered a parliament. However, after constitutional amendments effectively transferring almost all of the National Assembly's powers to the Legislative Yuan in the late 1990s, it has become more common in Taiwanese newspapers to refer to the Legislative Yuan as the "parliament" (國會, guóhuì).

The Legislative Yuan is also notable for the numerous acts of legislative violence that occur during legislative sessions.

Contents

Composition

Starting with the 2008 legislative elections, drastic changes were made to the Legislative Yuan in accordance with a constitutional amendment passed in 2005. The Legislative Yuan has 113 members, down from 225. Legislators come to office through the following ways:

Members serve four-year terms.

The previous legislature had 225 members. Legislators were elected in the following ways:

  • 168 were elected by popular vote through Single non-transferable vote in multi-member consistencies
  • 41 were elected on the basis of the proportion of nationwide votes received by participating political parties.
  • Eight were allocated for overseas Chinese and were selected by the parties on the basis of the proportion of votes received nationwide.
  • Eight seats were reserved for the aboriginal populations.

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