related topics
{day, year, event}
{theory, work, human}
{rate, high, increase}
{water, park, boat}
{city, large, area}
{group, member, jewish}
{company, market, business}
{game, team, player}
{school, student, university}
{work, book, publish}
{church, century, christian}
{land, century, early}
{black, white, people}
{service, military, aircraft}
{film, series, show}
{woman, child, man}
{car, race, vehicle}

Leisure or free time, is a period of time spent out of work and essential domestic activity. It is also the period of recreational and discretionary time before or after necessary activities such as eating and sleeping, going to work or running a business, attending school and doing homework, household chores, and day-to-day stress.

The distinction between leisure and unavoidable activities is loosely applied, i.e. people sometimes do work-oriented tasks for pleasure as well as for long-term utility.[1] A distinction may also be drawn between free time and leisure. For example, criticism of consumer capitalism by Situationist International maintains that free time is illusory and rarely free; economic and social forces appropriate free time from the individual and sell it back to them as the commodity known as 'leisure'.[2]

Leisure studies is the academic discipline concerned with the study and analysis of leisure.


Cultural differences

Time for leisure varies from one society to the next, although anthropologists have found that hunter-gatherers tend to have significantly more leisure time than people in more complex societies. As a result, band societies such as the Shoshone of the Great Basin came across as extraordinarily lazy to European colonialists.[3]

Capitalist societies often view active leisure activities positively, because active leisure activities require the purchase of equipment and services, which stimulates the economy. Capitalist societies often accord greater status to members who have more wealth. One of the ways that wealthy people can choose to spend their money is by having additional leisure time.

Workaholics are those who work compulsively at the expense of other activities. They prefer to work rather than spend time socializing and engaging in other leisure activities. Many see this as a necessary sacrifice to attain high-ranking corporate positions. Increasing attention, however, is being paid to the effects of such imbalance upon the worker and the family.

See also


Further reading

  • Peter Borsay, A History of Leisure: The British Experience since 1500, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006, ISBN 0333930827
  • Cross, Gary S. 2004. Encyclopedia of recreation and leisure in America. The Scribner American civilization series. Farmington Hills, Michigan: Charles Scribner's Sons.
  • Harris, David. 2005. Key concepts in leisure studies. London: Sage. ISBN 0761970576.
  • Jenkins, John M., and J. J. J. Pigram. 2003. Encyclopedia of leisure and outdoor recreation. London: Routledge. ISBN 0415252261.
  • Rojek, Chris, Susan M. Shaw, and A.J. Veal (Eds.) (2006) A Handbook of Leisure Studies. Houndmills, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 139781403902788.
  • Stebbins, Robert A. 2007. Serious leisure: A perspective for our time. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction. ISBN 0765803631.
  • Huzinga, Johannes. ____. Homo Ludens
  • Grudin, Robert. ____.Time and the Art of Living
  • Pieper, Josef. ____. Leisure, Basis of Culture
  • Czikszentmihaly, Mihaly. ____. Flow

Full article ▸

related documents
Topic outline of dance
Holidays in Taiwan
January 1
New Year
Religious festival
Friday the 13th
Proleptic Gregorian calendar
Masquerade ball
Century of Progress
Calendar year
Bureau of International Expositions
Plymouth, Indiana
Montgomery, Minnesota
Biathlon World Championships
Leitchfield, Kentucky
Chillicothe, Ohio
Baroque dance
Wheel of the Year
Armistice Day
Tipton, Indiana
Festa do Peão de Boiadeiro
Cross-quarter day