Leopoldo Galtieri

related topics
{war, force, army}
{government, party, election}
{son, year, death}
{black, white, people}
{service, military, aircraft}
{day, year, event}
{law, state, case}
{company, market, business}
{country, population, people}
{work, book, publish}
{disease, patient, cell}

Leopoldo Fortunato Galtieri Castelli (July 15, 1926 – January 12, 2003) was an Argentine general and President of Argentina from December 22, 1981 to June 18, 1982, during the last military dictatorship[2] (known officially as the National Reorganization Process). The death squad Intelligence Battalion 601 directly reported to him.[3] He was removed from power soon after the British retook the Falklands Islands, whose invasion he had ordered.

Contents

Early life

Galtieri was the child of working class parents who were poor Italian immigrants.[4] At 17 he enrolled at the National Military Academy to study civil engineering, and his early military career was as an officer in the engineering branch.

Rise to power

In 1975, after more than 25 years as a combat engineer, he became commander of the Argentine engineering corps. He was an enthusiastic supporter of the military coup that started the self-styled National Reorganisation Process in 1976 and rose further, becoming a major general in 1977, and commander-in-chief in 1980 with the rank of lieutenant general.

During the junta's rule, Congress was suspended, unions, political parties and provincial governments were banned, and in what became known as the "Dirty War" between 9,000 and 30,000 people deemed left-wing "subversives" disappeared from society. Torture and mass executions were both commonplace. The economy, which had been in dire condition prior to the coup, recovered for a short time, then deteriorated further.

In March 1981, Galtieri visited the United States and was warmly received, as the Reagan administration viewed the regime as a bulwark against communism. National Security Advisor Richard V. Allen described him as a "majestic general." An adherent to the Argentine military's Cold War-era doctrine of "ideological frontiers," Galtieri secured his country's support for the Contras in August, sending advisers to help organize the Nicaraguan Democratic Force (FDN, for a time the principal Contra group), as well as training FDN leaders in Argentine bases. His support for this initiative, in turn, allowed Galtieri to remove a number of rival generals and, in December 1981, he rose to the Presidency of Argentina by means of a coup that ousted General Roberto Viola. Argentine support became the principal source of funds and training for the Contras during Galtieri's tenure.[5]

Full article ▸

related documents
Laurent-Désiré Kabila
Gang of Four
Reign of Terror
Warsaw Pact
José Bové
Kamakura shogunate
Palestinian views of the peace process in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict
Foreign relations of Syria
Sinatra Doctrine
Hetman
Kliment Voroshilov
Mohamed Farrah Aidid
Shays' Rebellion
Foreign relations of Yemen
List of treaties
Yalta Conference
Foreign relations of Eritrea
Treaty of Nanking
Henry L. Stimson
Daimyo
Ashikaga shogunate
Felix Dzerzhinsky
Dương Văn Minh
Laurent Gbagbo
Evil empire
Treaty of Ghent
Republic of South Vietnam
Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement
May Fourth Movement
Almogavars