Les Invalides

related topics
{church, century, christian}
{city, large, area}
{build, building, house}
{service, military, aircraft}
{@card@, make, design}
{war, force, army}
{line, north, south}

Coordinates: 48°51′18″N 2°18′45″E / 48.855°N 2.3125°E / 48.855; 2.3125

Les Invalides (French pronunciation: [lezɛ̃valid]), officially known as L'Hôtel national des Invalides (The National Residence of the Invalids), is a complex of buildings in the 7th arrondissement of Paris, France, containing museums and monuments, all relating to the military history of France, as well as a hospital and a retirement home for war veterans, the building's original purpose. The buildings house the Musée de l'Armée, the military museum of the Army of France, the Musée des Plans-Reliefs, and the Musée d'Histoire Contemporaine, as well as the burial site for some of France's war heroes, notably Napoleon Bonaparte (lists below).

Contents

History

Louis XIV initiated the project by an order dated November 24, 1670, as a home and hospital for aged and unwell soldiers: the name is a shortened form of hôpital des invalides. The architect of Les Invalides was Libéral Bruant. The selected site was suburban in the seventeenth century. By the time the enlarged project was completed in 1676, the river front measured 196 metres and the complex had fifteen courtyards, the largest being the cour d'honneur ("court of honour") for military parades. It was then felt that the veterans required a chapel. Jules Hardouin Mansart assisted the aged Bruant, and the chapel was finished in 1679 to Bruant's designs after the elder architect's death. The chapel is known as Eglise Saint-Louis des Invalides. Daily attendance was required.

Shortly after the veterans' chapel was completed, Louis XIV had Mansart construct a separate private royal chapel, often referred to as the Église du Dôme from its most striking feature (ill. right). Inspired by St. Peter's Basilica in Rome the original for all Baroque domes, it is one of the triumphs of French Baroque architecture. Mansart raises his drum with an attic storey over its main cornice, and employs the paired columns motif in his more complicated rhythmic theme. The general programme is sculptural but tightly integrated, rich but balanced, consistently carried through, capping its vertical thrust firmly with a ribbed and hemispherical dome. The domed chapel is centrally placed to dominate the court of honour. It was finished in 1708.

Full article ▸

related documents
Hippo Regius
Lucca
Doge's Palace
Abbess
Château de Chambord
Second Council of the Lateran
Pope Clement XI
First Council of the Lateran
Het Loo
Pope Stephen I
Pope Caius
Fulda
Cardiff Castle
Pope Sylvester I
Holyrood Abbey
List of abbeys and priories in Northern Ireland
Pope Leo II
Veit Stoss
Amalfi
John Climacus
Corleone
Second Council of Constantinople
Mark the Evangelist
Fourth Council of Constantinople (Eastern Orthodox)
Quirinal Hill
Third Council of Constantinople
Western Christianity
Douai
Gniezno
Buckfast Abbey