Lewiston, Idaho

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Lewiston is an urban city in and also the county seat of Nez Perce County, Idaho, United States.[1] It is the second-largest city in the northern Idaho region, behind Coeur d'Alene. Lewiston is the principal city of the Lewiston, ID - Clarkston, WA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Nez Perce County and Asotin County, Washington. As of the 2000 census the population of Lewiston was 30,904 (2006 estimate: 31,293).[2] The lowest point in the state of Idaho is located on the Snake River in Lewiston, where it flows out of Idaho and into Washington.

Contents

History

The first people of European ancestry to visit the Lewiston area were members of the David Thompson expedition of 1803. Thompson was looking to establish fur trading posts for the Hudson's Bay Company of British North America (now Canada). Thompson established the first white settlement in Idaho, MacKenzie's Post. But it soon failed as the local Nez Perce tribe's men considered trapping to be women's work, the tribe was migratory and apparently women thought they already had enough to do. This was followed by the Lewis and Clark Expedition in October, 1805. At the future townsite they encountered settlements of the native Nez Perce tribe. Lewis and Clark passed througn the valley on the return trip from the Pacific in 1806 also.

Named after Meriwether Lewis and after Victor Trevitt's hometown of Lewiston, Maine; but people don't know that was the reason Vic Trevitt shouted the idea out. He simply stated the "Journal of Lewis and Clark" talked about being in the valley. The town was founded in 1861 in the wake of a gold rush which began the previous year near Pierce, northeast of Lewiston. The first newspaper in present-day Idaho, The Lewiston Teller began publication in the city of Lewiston, Washington Territory in 1862, and was joined by the only present newspaper, The Lewiston Morning Tribune in September, 1892. In 1863 Lewiston became the capital of the newly-created Idaho Territory. Thomas J Beall, one of the first three white settlers in Lewiston, wrote many of the Lewiston Tribune's first articles, and continued to do so until his death at the age of 89.

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