Lhoba

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{land, century, early}
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Hindi, English, Idu, Bokar, Tibetan, Chinese

Buddhism[2]

Monpa, Adi, Tibetans

Lhoba (Chinese: 珞巴) is a term of obscure (though probably Tibetan) origin which has come to apply to a diverse amalgamation of Tibeto-Burman tribespeople living in and around "Pemako" (a region in Southeastern Tibet)[3], including Mainling, Medog, Zayü counties of Nyingchi Prefecture and Lhünzê County of Shannan Prefecture. [4] The term is largely promulgated by the Chinese government, which officially recognises Lhoba as one of the 56 ethnic groups in China. Most people designated as "Lhoba" within modern-day Tibet Autonomous Region in China actually refer to themselves via a diverse set of autonyms (names recognized by a community itself), and do not traditionally self-identify as a single entity.[5][6] The two main tribal groups which fall under the designation "Lhoba" in Tibet are the Yidu (Idu [Mishmi]) and the Bo'gaer (Bokar [Adi]), who are found in far greater numbers inside Arunachal Pradesh, a state of modern-day India (claimed by China). Other groups identified by Chinese authorities as "Lhoba" include the Na (Bangni) [7].

Contents

Language

"Lhoba" tribespeople living in Chinese Tibet speak at least three mutually-unintelligible languages: Idu (Mishmi), a Tibeto-Burman language of the Digaro Family, Bokar (Adi), a Tibeto-Burman language of the Eastern Tani branch, and Na (Bengni), a Tibeto-Burman language of the Western Tani branch [8]. These languages are far more widely spoken in Arunachal Pradesh.

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