Lincoln County, Nevada

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Lincoln County is a county located in the U.S. state of Nevada. As of the 2000 census, the population was 4,165. Its county seat is Pioche[1].



Lincoln County was established in 1866 after Nevada moved its state line eastward and southward at the expense of Utah and Arizona territories. It is named after Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States. Original legislation called for the creation of a "Stewart County", after Nevada Senator William M. Stewart, but this was later changed in a substitute bill. Crystal Springs was the county's first seat in 1866, followed by Hiko in 1867, and Pioche in 1871.

Lincoln County initially included the town of Las Vegas. However, Clark County, Nevada, including Las Vegas, was separated from Lincoln County effective July 1, 1908, by act of the Nevada Legislature.[2]

Area 51 is in Lincoln County, and the county sheriff acts in proxy for the perimeter security forces.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 10,637 square miles (27,549 km²), of which 10,634 square miles (27,541 km²) is land and 3 square miles (8 km²) (0.03%) is water. While only the third largest county by area in the State of Nevada, it is seventh largest county in area in the entire United States, not including boroughs and census areas in Alaska.

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