
related topics 
{math, number, function} 
{system, computer, user} 
{language, word, form} 
{work, book, publish} 
{theory, work, human} 
{style, bgcolor, rowspan} 
{acid, form, water} 
{car, race, vehicle} 
{company, market, business} 
{build, building, house} 
{group, member, jewish} 
{water, park, boat} 

Lisp (or LISP) is a family of computer programming languages with a long history and a distinctive, fully parenthesized syntax. Originally specified in 1958, Lisp is the secondoldest highlevel programming language in widespread use today; only Fortran is older (by one year). Like Fortran, Lisp has changed a great deal since its early days, and a number of dialects have existed over its history. Today, the most widely known generalpurpose Lisp dialects are Common Lisp and Scheme.
Lisp was originally created as a practical mathematical notation for computer programs, influenced by the notation of Alonzo Church's lambda calculus. It quickly became the favored programming language for artificial intelligence (AI) research. As one of the earliest programming languages, Lisp pioneered many ideas in computer science, including tree data structures, automatic storage management, dynamic typing, and the selfhosting compiler.
The name LISP derives from "LISt Processing". Linked lists are one of Lisp languages' major data structures, and Lisp source code is itself made up of lists. As a result, Lisp programs can manipulate source code as a data structure, giving rise to the macro systems that allow programmers to create new syntax or even new domainspecific languages embedded in Lisp.
The interchangeability of code and data also gives Lisp its instantly recognizable syntax. All program code is written as sexpressions, or parenthesized lists. A function call or syntactic form is written as a list with the function or operator's name first, and the arguments following; for instance, a function f that takes three arguments might be called using (f arg1 arg2 arg3) .
Contents
Full article ▸


related documents 
Propositional calculus 
Fourier transform 
Vienna Development Method 
Group (mathematics) 
Model theory 
Exponentiation 
Generic programming 
Integral 
C (programming language) 
Clifford algebra 
Polynomial 
Vector space 
Floating point 
Discrete Fourier transform 
Euclidean vector 
Perl 
Ordinal number 
Quaternion 
Mathematical logic 
Algorithm 
Regular expression 
Common Lisp 
Emmy Noether 
Eiffel (programming language) 
Surreal number 
Prime number 
Singular value decomposition 
Radix sort 
Natural deduction 
Derivative 
