List of Polish monarchs

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Poland, or at least its nucleus, was ruled at various times either by dukes (the 10th-14th century) or by kings (the 11th-18th century). The longest-reigning dynasties were the Piasts (ca. 960 – 1370) and Jagiellons (1386–1572). Intervening and subsequent monarchs were often rulers of foreign countries or princes recruited from foreign dynasties.

During the latter period a tradition of free election of monarchs made it a uniquely electable position in Europe (16th-18th centuries). Polish independence ended with the Third Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1795) and was restored at the end of World War I (1918) on a republican basis.


Legendary rulers

Semi-legendary rulers of western Polans (Greater Poland)

Monarchs of Poland

Kings of Poland and Grand Dukes of Lithuania

Jagiellon Dynasty

Kings of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

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