List of national parks of Sweden

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The national parks of Sweden are managed by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (Swedish: Naturvårdsverket). The goal of the national park service is to create a system of protected areas that represent all the distinct natural regions of the country.[1] Sweden became the first country in Europe to establish such parks when the Parliament of Sweden (Swedish: Riksdagen) passed a law on national parks in 1909 and nine were established the same year. A further seven parks were established between 1918 and 1962, followed by thirteen more between 1982 and 2009. The most recent addition is Kosterhavet National Park.[1] There are currently 29 national parks in Sweden and six new will be established between 2009 and 2013.[2]

According to the EPA, Swedish national parks must represent unique landscape types and be effectively protected and used for research, recreation, and tourism without damaging nature.[3] Mountain terrain dominates approximatively 90% of the parks' combined area. The reason for this is the extensive mountain areas taken up by the large northern parks—Sarek National Park and Padjelanta National Park each cover approximately 200,000 hectares (490,000 acres).[4][5] Many of the northern parks are part of the Laponian area, one of Sweden's UNESCO World Heritage Sites due to its preserved natural landscape and habitat for the native reindeer-herding Sami people.[6] The southernmost parks—Söderåsen National Park, Dalby Söderskog National Park and Stenshuvud National Park—are covered with broadleaf forest and together cover approximately 2,000 ha (4,900 acres).[7][8][9] Fulufjället National Park is part of PAN Parks,[10] a network founded by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) to provide better long-term conservation and tourism management of European national parks.[11]


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