Litchfield County, Connecticut

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Litchfield County is a county located in the northwestern corner of the U.S. state of Connecticut. Litchfield County also has the least population density among Connecticut's counties but, it's the largest county in Connecticut geographically. As of 2004 the population was 189,246. This was an increase of 3.87% from the 2000 census. It is part of the New York-Newark-Bridgeport Combined Statistical Area.

As is the case with all eight counties in Connecticut, there is no county government; there is no county seat: in Connecticut, each town is responsible for all local services such as schools, snow removal, sewers, fire department and police departments. However, in some cases in rural areas, adjoining towns may agree to jointly provide services or even establish a joint school system.



Litchfield County was created on October 9, 1751, by an act of the Connecticut General Court from land belonging to Fairfield, New Haven, and Hartford counties. The act establishing the county states:

Between 1780 and 1807, several new towns were created at the boundaries between Litchfield County and other counties in Connecticut. The town of Watertown was established in 1780 from Waterbury and was placed under Litchfield County jurisdiction. The establishment of the town of Brookfield from part of New Milford in 1788 resulted in Litchfield County losing territory to Fairfield County. In 1796, the town of Hartland was transferred to Hartford County. In 1798, the town of Oxford was established from part of Southbury causing Litchfield County to lose territory to New Haven County. The establishment of the town of Canton in 1806 from part of New Hartford caused loss of territory to Hartford County. In 1807, the town of Southbury was transferred to New Haven County. The final boundary change occurred on October 8, 1807, when the town of Middlebury was established from part of Woodbury.[2]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 945 square miles (2,446 km²), of which 920 square miles (2,383 km²) is land and 25 square miles (64 km²) (2.61%) is water. Litchfield County is roughly contiguous with the portion of the Appalachian Mountains range known as the Berkshire Mountains (sometimes locally, this area is called the Litchfield Hills).

Adjacent counties

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