Little Turtle

related topics
{war, force, army}
{son, year, death}
{land, century, early}
{government, party, election}
{language, word, form}
{service, military, aircraft}
{village, small, smallsup}
{area, part, region}
{water, park, boat}

Little Turtle or Mishikinakwa[2] (c. 1747 – July 14, 1812) was a chief of the Miami tribe in what is presently Indiana, and one of the most successful Native American military leaders of his era. He led his followers in several victories over the United States in the 1790s, but was an advocate for peace with the U.S. in the years leading up to the War of 1812.



The name 'Little Turtle' is an English translation of his own name in the Miami-Illinois language, mihšihkinaahkwa. In the Miami-Illinois language, this is the word for a species of terrapin, probably the Midland Painted Turtle. There is no diminutive on this name in the original Miami-Illinois.[3]

Early life

Because there is very little documentary evidence for most of Little Turtle's life, the exact year and place of his birth are uncertain. He was born just before or just after the period that his parents lived in the Miami village of Pickawillany, which was from 1747 to 1752. Some historians give 1752 as his probable date of birth; others prefer 1747.[4] He was born in what is now Whitley County, Indiana, at either a small Miami village by Devil's Lake, or at a larger nearby village known as Turtletown.[5]

Little Turtle was named after his father, a Miami war chief and signer of the 1748 Treaty of Lancaster, which established relations between the Miami and colonial Pennsylvania.[6] The son was often called "Little Turtle" to distinguish him from the elder Turtle.[7] Little Turtle's father's name is sometimes given as "Acquenacque".[8] Little Turtle's mother's name is lost to history; tradition says she was a Mohican.[9]

Little Turtle, like his father before him, was selected as the war chief of the Atchatchakangouen division of the Miami tribe through demonstration of military prowess. His father gained the position by fighting the Iroquois; Little Turtle won the position during the American Revolutionary War. Although he became the war chief of the leading division of the tribe, Little Turtle was not the head chief of the Miami, which was a hereditary position unavailable to him.[10]

Full article ▸

related documents
Henry Morgan
William Grant Stairs
Ethan Allen
Henri Christophe
History of Portugal (1415–1542)
Philip II of Macedon
Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia
Battle of Wakefield
Władysław I the Elbow-high
Alfred Dreyfus
Vasily II of Moscow
George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham
Alfonso VIII of Castile
Ptolemy I Soter
Lal Bahadur Shastri
Brian Boru
James IV of Scotland
Emiliano Zapata
Ngo Dinh Nhu
Cornelius Coot
Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator
Johan Banér
Trebonianus Gallus
Eighth Crusade