Livia

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8093 - Roma - Ara Pacis - Livia - Foto Giovanni Dall'Orto - 30-Mar-2008.jpg

Livia Drusilla, (Classical Latin: LIVIA•DRVSILLA, LIVIA•AVGVSTA[1]) (58 BC-AD 29 ), after her AD 14 marriage called Livia Augusta, and often known as Olivia Druscilla, Julia Augusta, and Caesarina Olivia, was a Roman empress as the third wife of the Emperor Augustus and his adviser. She was the mother of the Emperor Tiberius, paternal great-grandmother of the Emperor Caligula, paternal grandmother of the Emperor Claudius, and maternal great-great grandmother of the Emperor Nero. She was deified by Claudius who acknowledged her title of Augusta.

Contents

Birth and first marriage to Tiberius Claudius Nero

She was born on 30 January 59 or 58 BC[2] as the daughter of Marcus Livius Drusus Claudianus by his wife Aufidia, a daughter of the magistrate Marcus Aufidius Lurco. The diminutive Drusilla often found in her name suggests that she was a second daughter.[3] Marcus Livius Drusus was her brother. She was probably married in 43 BC, reference Livia, First Lady of Imperial Rome by Anthony A Barrett, Yale University Press. Her first child, the future Emperor Tiberius, was born in 42 BC. Her father married her to Tiberius Claudius Nero, her cousin of patrician status who was fighting with him on the side of Julius Caesar's assassins against Octavian. Her father committed suicide in the Battle of Philippi, along with Gaius Cassius Longinus and Marcus Junius Brutus, but her husband continued fighting against Octavian, now on behalf of Mark Antony and his brother. In 40 BC, the family was forced to flee Italy in order to avoid Octavian's proscriptions and joined with Sextus Pompeius in Sicily, later moving on to Greece.[4]

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