Llano County, Texas

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Llano County (pronounced /ˈlænoʊ/) is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. In 2000, its population was 17,044. Its county seat is Llano,[1] and the county is named for the Llano River.

In the 1870s, a pioneer community known as Baby Head existed in Llano County.[2] According to local legend a small child was killed by Native Americans, and her remains were left on a hill called Baby Head Mountain.[3] Hence Jodie May McKneely (died January 1, 1884) originated the Baby Head Cemetery. The community no longer exists.[4]


History Timeline

  • Peaceful Tonkawa tribe first inhabitants[5]
  • 1842 April 20 - Adelsverein [6] Fisher-Miller Land Grant sets aside three million acres to settle 600 families and single men of German, Dutch, Swiss, Danish, Swedish, and Norwegian ancestry in Texas.[7]
  • 1844, June 26 - Henry Francis Fisher sells interest in land grant to Adelsverein
  • 1845 December 20 - Henry Francis Fisher and Burchard Miller sell their rights in the land grant to Adelsverein.
  • 1847 Meusebach–Comanche Treaty[8] Bettina commune, last Adelsverein community in Texas, is established by a group of free thinking intellectuals, and named after German liberal Bettina Brentano von Arnim. The community fails within a year due to lack of any governing structure and conflict of authority.[9][10]
  • 1852 Settlers at Tow and Bluffton on the Colorado River[5]
  • 1854 May 14–15, The Texas State Convention of Germans meet in San Antonio and adopt a political, social and religious platform, including: 1) Equal pay for equal work; 2) Direct election of the President of the United States; 3) Abolition of capital punishment; 4) “Slavery is an evil, the abolition of which is a requirement of democratic principles..”; 5) Free schools – including universities - supported by the state, without religious influence; and 6) Total separation of church and state.[11]
  • 1856 Texas Legislature forms Llano County from Bexar and Gillespie[5]
  • 1860 Population 1,101 - 21 slaveholders, 54 slaves[5]
  • 1862 One hundred Llano County volunteers join Major John George Walker Division of the Confederate States Army.
  • 1873, August 4 - Packsaddle Mountain becomes the site of the region’s last battle with the Indians. The county’s farming economy begins to grow after threats of Indian attacks cease.[12]
  • 1892, June 7 - Llano branch of Austin and Northwestern Railroad arrives[5]
  • 1893 Completion of County Courthouse, designed by Austin architect A O Watson[13]
  • 1895 Llano County Jail erected by the Pauly Jail Building and Manufacturing Company of St Louis, MO[14][15]
  • 1900 Frank Teich establishes the Teich Monument Works[16]
  • 1901 Llano Women's Literary Society organized - 16 charter members[5]

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