related topics
{government, party, election}
{law, state, case}
{group, member, jewish}
{company, market, business}
{theory, work, human}
{system, computer, user}
{work, book, publish}
{build, building, house}
{specie, animal, plant}
{game, team, player}
{food, make, wine}

Lobbying (also Lobby) is speech with the intention of influencing decisions made by legislators and officials in the government by individuals, other legislators, constituents, or advocacy groups. A lobbyist is a person who tries to influence legislation on behalf of a special interest or a member of a lobby. Governments often define and regulate organized group lobbying that has become influential.



In the United States the Internal Revenue Service makes a clear distinction for nonprofit organizations between lobbying and advocacy limiting the former to "asking policymakers to take a specific position on a specific piece of legislation, or that ask others to ask the same"; in common language, the definition of lobbying is normally broader. Other activities that seek to influence policies, possibly including public demonstrations and the filing of "friend of the court briefs", are termed as "advocacy".[1]

The House of Commons Public Administration Select Committee argued that while there are shortcomings in the regulation of the lobbying industry in the United Kingdom, "The practice of lobbying in order to influence political decisions is a legitimate and necessary part of the democratic process. Individuals and organizations reasonably want to influence decisions that may affect them, those around them, and their environment. Government in turn needs access to the knowledge and views that lobbying can bring."[2]

Governments often define and regulate organized group lobbying.[3][4][5][6] Economist Thomas Sowell defends corporate lobbying as simply an example of a group having better knowledge of its interests than the people at large do of theirs.[7]

Full article ▸

related documents
Equal Rights Amendment
Parliament Acts
Senate of the Roman Republic
Foreign relations of Australia
Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany
Robert Bork
Question Time
Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution
Queen's Counsel
Politics of Cuba
Freedom House
Eagle Mountain, Utah
Hosni Mubarak
Monarchy of Canada
Treaty of Nice
One country, two systems
Anglo-Irish Treaty
Eugene V. Debs
Earl Warren
Presidential Succession Act
Constitution of Norway
Politics of the Gambia
Politics of Benin
Edmund Barton
Politics of Portugal
The Greens (France)