London borough

related topics
{area, part, region}
{government, party, election}
{city, large, area}
{borough, population, unit_pref}
{language, word, form}
{county, mile, population}
{school, student, university}

The administrative area of Greater London contains thirty-two London boroughs. Inner London comprises twelve of these boroughs plus the City of London. Outer London comprises the twenty remaining boroughs of Greater London.

Contents

Functions

The London boroughs are administered by London Borough Councils which are elected every four years. The boroughs are the principal local authorities in London and are responsible for running most local services in their areas, such as schools, social services, waste collection and roads. Some London-wide services are run by the Greater London Authority, and some services and lobbying of government are pooled within London Councils. Some London borough councils also group together for such services as waste collection and disposal, e.g. the West London Waste Authority. The London boroughs are local government districts and have similar functions to metropolitan boroughs. Each London borough is a Local Education Authority. Until 1990 the Inner London boroughs were served by a shared LEA, the Inner London Education Authority.

Shared services

Shared services are borough council services shared between two or more boroughs. Shared services were previously resisted due to councils jealously guarding their authority however as the need for budget cuts in the late 2000s became apparent some councils have sought service mergers.[1] Westminster and Hammersmith & Fulham will merge their education services, including school admissions and transport by 2011.[2] In October 2010 Westminster, Hammersmith & Fulham and Kensington & Chelsea announced plans to merge all their services to create a "super-council". Each would retain its own political identity, leadership and councillors but staff and budgets would be combined for cost savings.[3] Lambeth and Southwark likewise expressed an interest in sharing services[4] while Islington and Camden have not only begun to merge services, but also their chief executive, management team and budgets.[5]

Nomenclature

There are three boroughs which do not use the term "London Borough of" in their names. They are Westminster, which is termed the City of Westminster as it has city status, [Kingston upon Thames] and [Kensington and Chelsea], which are termed "Royal Borough of", due to their Royal borough status. The Queen has also bestowed the status of Royal Borough upon Greenwich, to take effect in the year of the Diamond Jubilee in 2012. Additionally, the council for Westminster is termed Westminster City Council.

Full article ▸

related documents
Dungannon and South Tyrone Borough Council
Ballerup
Castile and León
Gower (electoral ward)
London Borough of Brent
Regions of France
Blekinge County
Falkenberg Municipality
Sölvesborg Municipality
Lidingö Municipality
Umeå Municipality
Arrondissement
Drôme
Reiderland
Gävle Municipality
Vaals
French Equatorial Africa
Pontevedra (province)
Dalarna County
East Dunbartonshire
Hörby Municipality
Rødovre
Värmland County
Södermanland County
Albertslund Municipality
Bromölla Municipality
Olst-Wijhe
Danderyd Municipality
Heby Municipality
Lycksele Municipality