Long Grove, Illinois

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Long Grove is a village located in Lake County, Illinois, approximately 35 miles (56 km) northwest of Chicago. As of the 2005 census, the village had a total population of 6,735. The village has strict building ordinances to preserve its "country atmosphere." There are no sidewalks, street lights or curbs throughout the village's many communities.

Contents

Geography

Long Grove is located at 42°12′9″N 88°0′23″W / 42.2025°N 88.00639°W / 42.2025; -88.00639Coordinates: 42°12′9″N 88°0′23″W / 42.2025°N 88.00639°W / 42.2025; -88.00639 (42.202504, -88.006448).[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 12.4 square miles (32.2 km²), of which, 12.3 square miles (31.8 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.4 km²) of it is water. The total area is 1.21% water.

History

Before 1840, a Yankee, John Gridley, settled at a minor trail crossing deep in Long Grove, a large grove of oaks standing in bluestem prairie along the southern boundary of Lake County.

German immigrants to the area in the mid-1840s discovered that the open prairie had already been claimed and made their claims deep within the grove. A post office established in 1847 under the name Muttersholz (“Mother's Woods”) highlights the area's strong German influence. By the early 1850s, immigrant families who had split from the Roman Catholic parish at Buffalo Grove founded their own St. Mary's parish at Muttersholz. An Evangelical Lutheran congregation formed at the same time. Most families had their origins in the Rhineland and spoke in a “Plattdeutsch” dialect until hostility to German culture during World War I led residents to make greater use of English. Muttersholz became Long Grove once again. The cultural isolation of the small community deepened as the area's major roads, Routes 53 and 83, bypassed the still rural community.

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