Long Parliament

related topics
{government, party, election}
{son, year, death}
{war, force, army}
{law, state, case}
{church, century, christian}
{specie, animal, plant}

The Long Parliament is the name of the English Parliament called by Charles I, on 3 November 1640,[1] following the Bishops' Wars. It received its name from the fact that through an Act of Parliament, it could only be dissolved with the agreement of the members,[2] and those members did not agree to its dissolution until after the English Civil War and at the end of Interregnum in 1660.[3] It sat from 1640 until 1648, when it was purged, by the New Model Army, of those who were not sympathetic to the Army's concerns. Those members who remained after the Army's purge became known as the Rump Parliament. During the Protectorate, the Rump was replaced by other Parliamentary assemblies, only to be recalled by the Army in 1659 after Oliver Cromwell's death in the hope of restoring credibility to the Army's rule. When this failed, General George Monck allowed the members barred in 1648 to retake their seats so that they could pass the necessary legislation to allow the Restoration and dissolve the Long Parliament. This cleared the way for a new Parliament, known as the Convention Parliament, to be elected.



The sole reason Charles I assembled Parliament in 1640 was to ask it to pass finance bills, since the Bishops' Wars had bankrupted him. Edward Hyde recalled the subdued tone of his entrance to Parliament:

The Parliament was initially influenced by John Pym and his supporters. In August 1641, it enacted legislation depriving Charles I of the powers that he had assumed since his accession. The reforms were designed to negate the possibility of Charles ruling absolutely again. The parliament also freed those imprisoned by the Star Chamber. The Triennial Act of 1641, also known as the Dissolution Act, was passed, requiring that no more than three years should elapse between sessions of Parliament. Parliament was also responsible for the impeachment and subsequent execution of the king's advisers, Archbishop William Laud and Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford.

Full article ▸

related documents
Omar Torrijos
George Clinton (vice president)
History of the United States National Security Council 1974–1977
Elbridge Gerry
Jeanne Sauvé
William McMahon
John Danforth
Mackenzie Bowell
Hu Yaobang
United States presidential election, 1828
Velvet Revolution
Nellie Tayloe Ross
Russian Social Democratic Labour Party
Phạm Văn Đồng
Foreign relations of Iceland
Seamus Costello
Johan Rudolf Thorbecke
Erich Honecker
Politics of Sierra Leone
Politics of Botswana
Government of Sweden
William R. King
Politics of Bolivia
Politics of Kiribati