Louis IX of France

related topics
{church, century, christian}
{son, year, death}
{war, force, army}
{company, market, business}
{law, state, case}
{group, member, jewish}
{city, population, household}
{land, century, early}
{country, population, people}
{theory, work, human}
{style, bgcolor, rowspan}
{city, large, area}

Louis IX (25 April 1214 – 25 August 1270), commonly Saint Louis, was King of France from 1226 until his death. He was also styled Louis II, Count of Artois from 1226 to 1237. Born at Poissy, near Paris, he was the sixth-great-grandson of Hugh Capet, and thus a member of the House of Capet, and the son of Louis VIII and Blanche of Castile. He worked with the Parliament of Paris in order to improve the professionalism of his administration in regards to legal actions.

He is the only canonised king of France; consequently, there are many places named after him, most notably St. Louis, Missouri, in the United States, São Luís do Maranhão, Brazil and both the state and city of San Luis Potosí, in Mexico. Saint Louis was also a tertiary of the Order of the Holy Trinity and Captives (known as the Trinitarians).[citation needed] On 11 June 1256, the General Chapter of the Trinitarian Order formally affiliated Louis IX at the famous monastery of Cerfroid, which had been constructed by Felix of Valois north of Paris.

Contents

Sources

Much of what is known of Louis's life comes from Jean de Joinville's famous biography of Louis, Life of Saint Louis. Joinville was a close friend, confidant, and counsellor to the king, and also participated as a witness in the papal inquest into Louis' life that ended with his canonisation in 1297 by Pope Boniface VIII.

Full article ▸

related documents
Pope Gregory VII
Michelangelo
Lawrence Alma-Tadema
Edgar Degas
Lanfranc
John of the Cross
Leone Battista Alberti
Gregory of Nazianzus
Cyprian
Pope Julius II
Paul Cézanne
Pope John Paul I
Pope Leo X
Pope Victor III
Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor
Peter Paul Rubens
Óscar Romero
Gregory of Tours
Arundel Castle
Anthony of Padua
Sofonisba Anguissola
Pope John XXIII
Han van Meegeren
Caspar David Friedrich
Edward the Confessor
Roger Williams (theologian)
Jonathan Edwards (theologian)
Robert Adam
Rædwald of East Anglia
John Constable