Louis XVII of France

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Louis XVII (Versailles 27 March 1785 – Paris 8 June 1795), from birth to 1789 known as Louis-Charles, Duke of Normandy; then from 1789 to 1791 as Louis-Charles, Dauphin of France; and from 1791 to 1793 as Louis-Charles, Prince Royal of France, was the son of King Louis XVI of France and Queen Marie Antoinette. As the son of the king, he was a Fils de France (Son of France).

In keeping with dynastic order, when his father was executed on 21 January 1793, during the French Revolution, he became King of France and Navarre in the eyes of the royalists; however, as France was a Republic, and he was imprisoned from August 1792 until his death in 1795, he never ruled.



Louis Charles de France was born at the Palace of Versailles, the second son and third child of his parents. An intimate friend of the Queen, Yolande de Polastron, duchesse de Polignac, was appointed Governess to the Royal Children, Madame Royale, Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France and the young Louis-Charles, Duke of Normandy, the future Louis XVII.

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