Louisa County, Virginia

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Louisa County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2000 census, the population was 25,627. The 2008 estimate is 31,000. The county seat is Louisa[1].



Louisa County was established in 1742 from Hanover County. The county is named for Princess Louise of Great Britain, youngest daughter of King George II, and wife of King Frederick V of Denmark. Patrick Henry lived for some time in Louisa County on Roundabout Creek in 1764. Henry was being mentored at that time by the Louisa County magnate Thomas Johnson the representative of Louisa County in the House of Burgesses. In 1765, Patrick Henry won his first election to represent Louisa County in the House of Burgesses. Additionally, the county is genealogically important to the origins of early Melungeon ancestry.[citation needed]

The Virginia Central Railroad was completed through Louisa County in 1838-1840 and during the Civil War was an important supply line for the Confederate armies. As a result Louisa County experienced several significant cavalry actions, particularly one fought at Trevilians in 1864.

The Twin Oaks Community is one of the country's oldest secular communes and was established by its first eight members in 1967. Lake Anna, a 13,000-acre (53 km2) artificial lake, and the associated North Anna Nuclear Generating Station were built by Virginia Power in the 1970s. In recent years the predominantly rural county has grown because of retirees settling near Lake Anna, and because of its convenient location for commuters, an hour's drive or less from Richmond, Fredericksburg or Charlottesville.[2]

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