Lower Austria

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Lower Austria (German: About this sound Niederösterreich , Austro-Bavarian: Niadaöstareich) is the northeast state of the nine states or Bundesländer in Austria. The capital of Lower Austria since 1986 is Sankt Pölten, the most recently designated capital town in Austria. The capital of Lower Austria had formerly been Vienna, even though Vienna is not properly part of Lower Austria. With a land area of 19,174 km² and a population of 1.6 million people, it is the largest state in Austria, and in terms of population second only to the federal state of Vienna.

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Geography

Situated east of Upper Austria, Lower Austria derives its name from its downriver location on the Danube River, which flows from west to east. The state borders on Slovakia, the Czech region of Moravia, and the other Austrian states of Upper Austria, Styria and Burgenland. The state surrounds Vienna.

Lower Austria is the largest state in Austria with an area of 19,177.78 square kilometres. It is divided four regions, known as Viertel (quarters):

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