Lullingstone Roman Villa

related topics
{church, century, christian}
{build, building, house}
{god, call, give}
{mi², represent, 1st}
{village, small, smallsup}

Lullingstone Roman Villa is a villa built during the Roman occupation of Britain, situated near the village of Eynsford in northwest Kent, south eastern England.

It is unknown which family lived in the villa and owned the large estate that would have surrounded it, though they would have had to be wealthy. They may have been Roman, though they could also have been native Britons who had adopted Roman customs.

Lullingstone Roman Villa is particularly notable for being the site of one of the earliest known Christian chapels in the country.

The villa is located in the Darent Valley, along with six others, including those at Crofton, Crayford and Dartford.[1]

Contents

History

Construction

The earliest stage of the villa was built around 82 AD. It was situated in an area near to several other villas, and was close to Watling Street, by which travellers could move to and fro from Londinium to Durobrivae, Durovernum Cantiacorum and Rutupiæ[2].

Enlargement

Around AD 150 some important officials seem to have lived here, indicated by two marbles busts dating to about that period and perhaps showing the owners of the villa. A heated bath block was added and in the Fourth Century the dining room was equipped with a fine mosaic floor with one illustration of Zeus, disguised as a bull, abducting Europa and a second depicting Bellerophon killing the Chimera.[3] Finds include two Greco-Roman marble heads, now in the British Museum, portraying either the villa owners, their ancestors, or the then Roman Emperor Pertinax and his father.[4]

Full article ▸

related documents
Château de Cheverny
Milton Abbey
Pool of Siloam
Manorialism
Pyramid of Djoser
Charles Barry
Battle Abbey
Edlingham Castle
Mauritshuis
Malmesbury Abbey
Heemskerk
Farnley Hall (West Yorkshire)
Al-Hakim Mosque
Belaugh
Grand Place
Hatfield House
Parlour
Selby Abbey
Mission San Xavier del Bac
Wymondham Abbey
Lancaster Castle
Château de Langeais
Ashmolean Museum
Tintagel
Doué-la-Fontaine
Place de la Concorde
Langres
Noyon
Derby Cathedral
Pope Pius I