Lyndeborough, New Hampshire

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Lyndeborough is a town in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 1,585 at the 2000 census. The 2009 population was estimated to be 1,806.[1]

Contents

History

Originally granted by the Massachusetts General Court to veterans of New England's first war with Canada from Salem, Massachusetts, the area was known as Salem-Canada. John Cram and his family were the first settlers, and established a sawmill in the community in 1736. The name Lyndeborough resulted from a re-grant to a group of people that included Benjamin Lynde, who later became Chief Justice of Massachusetts. This group of proprietors never lived in Lyndeborough and may never have visited the community. For instance, while serving as a proprietor of Lyndeborough, Judge Lynde lived in Massachusetts, where he presided in Suffolk County over the trial stemming from the Boston Massacre.

The town has been home to the Lafayette Artillery Company (founded 1804) since 1833. The town office building, Citizens' Hall (opened 1889), is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, as is the Lyndeborough Center Historic District, which consists of the Congregational Church (circa 1830s), Town Hall (circa 1840s), and remnants of the Town Pound (1774).

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 31.2 square miles (81 km2), of which 31.1 sq mi (81 km2) is land and 0.1 sq mi (0.26 km2) is water, comprising 0.38% of the town. The highest point in Lyndeborough is 1,898 feet (579 m) above sea level, where the east ridge of North Pack Monadnock Mountain crosses the town's western border. Notable summits in town include Winn Mountain (1,686 ft/514 m), Rose Mountain (1,730 ft/530 m), and The Pinnacle (1,703 ft/519 m).

Lyndeborough is bordered by Greenfield to the northwest, Francestown to the north, New Boston to the northeast, Mont Vernon to the east, Milford to the southeast, Wilton to the south, and Temple to the southwest.

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 1,585 people, 560 households, and 420 families residing in the town. The population density was 51.0 people per square mile (19.7/km²). There were 587 housing units at an average density of 18.9/sq mi (7.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.17% White, 0.19% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.38% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.64% of the population.

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