related topics
{law, state, case}
{build, building, house}
{black, white, people}
{ship, engine, design}
{war, force, army}
{group, member, jewish}
{album, band, music}
{city, population, household}
{woman, child, man}

MOVE or the MOVE Organization (though the name is not an acronym, it is spelled by followers in capital letters) is a Philadelphia-based black liberation group founded by charismatic leader John Africa. MOVE was described by CNN as "a loose-knit, mostly black group whose members all adopted the surname Africa, advocated a "back-to-nature" lifestyle and preached against technology."[1] The Philadelphia Police Department raided their home in 1978 and later in 1985. During the latter event, the Philadelphia Police shot teargas at the MOVE headquarters and then dropped a four-pound, military-grade C-4 plastic explosive bomb on the house. The bombing resulted in 11 deaths (including 5 children) and the destruction of 65 homes in the resulting fires.[2] An investigative commission formed by the Philadelphia Mayor issued its report on March 6, 1986 denouncing the actions of the city government, stating that "Dropping a bomb on an occupied row house was unconscionable."[3] No one from the city government was charged criminally. In a 1996 civil suit in US federal court, a jury ordered the City of Philadelphia to pay $1.5 million to a survivor and relatives of two people killed in the incident. The jury found that the city used excessive force and violated the members' constitutional protection against unreasonable search and seizure.[4] On the 25th Anniversary of the 1985 Police bombing, the Philadelphia Inquirer created a detailed multimedia site containing retrospective articles, archived articles, videos, interviews, photos, and a timeline of the events.[5]


Full article ▸

related documents
Jonesboro massacre
Munn v. Illinois
Court of Chivalry
Communications Act of 1934
Hayman Fire
Lillehammer affair
Squamish Five
Fletcher v. Peck
William Pierce, Jr.
Force Bill
National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty
Samuel D. Waksal
Foreign Sales Corporation
Milliken v. Bradley
Archibald Cox
Palestinian Society for the Protection of Human Rights
Good faith
Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution
Campaign for Homosexual Law Reform
Courts of the United Kingdom
Christopher Scarver
Prefectures in France
International Code of Zoological Nomenclature
Joseph Ellis