Magadan

related topics
{city, large, area}
{island, water, area}
{company, market, business}
{build, building, house}
{war, force, army}
{son, year, death}
{land, century, early}
{water, park, boat}
{rate, high, increase}
{car, race, vehicle}
{food, make, wine}
{day, year, event}
{town, population, incorporate}

Magadan (Russian: Магада́н, IPA: [məɡɐˈdan]) is a port town on the Sea of Okhotsk and gateway to the Kolyma region. It is the administrative center of Magadan Oblast (since 1953), in the Russian Far East. Founded in 1929 on the site of an earlier settlement from the 1920s, it was granted the status of town in 1939. From 1932 to 1953 it was the administrative center of the Dalstroy concern and its corrective labor camp system. It lies in Nagayevo Bay in the Gulf of Tauisk. Population: 114,873 (2008 est.);[citation needed] 99,399 (2002 Census);[1] 151,652 (1989 Census).[3] Ship building and fishing are the major industries. The town has a seaport (fully navigable from May to December) and a small international airport, Sokol Airport. There is also a small airport nearby, Magadan 13. The unpaved Kolyma Highway leads from Magadan to the rich gold-mining region of the upper Kolyma River and then on to Yakutsk.

Contents

History

In 1932, Magadan was made Dalstroy's capital, and served as a port for exporting gold and other metals mined in the Kolyma region.[4] Its size and population grew quickly as facilities were rapidly developed for the expanding mining activities in the area. Town status was granted on July 14, 1939.

During the Stalin era, Magadan was a major transit center for prisoners sent to labor camps. The operations of Dalstroy, a vast and brutal forced-labor gold-mining concern, were the main economic driver of the city for many decades during Soviet times.

Full article ▸

related documents
Córdoba, Spain
Lelystad
Harare
West Yorkshire
Chūbu region
Peak District
Shikoku
Hampton, London
Wall Street
Bedfordshire
St Neots
Transport in Israel
Montjuïc
Barstow, California
Subterranean London
Hildesheim
Boskoop
Wodonga, Victoria
Kiruna
Gliwice
Great Torrington
Les Halles
Tolworth
Ede, Netherlands
Beverley
Coulsdon
Svendborg
Ironbridge
São Carlos
Kew