Magazine

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Magazines, periodicals, glossies or serials are publications, generally published on a regular schedule, containing a variety of articles, generally financed by advertising, by a purchase price, by pre-paid magazine subscriptions, or all three. Magazines can be distributed through the mail; through sales by newsstands, bookstores or other vendors; or through free distribution at selected pick up locations. Magazines are distributed into three categories: paid circulation, free circulation and controlled circulation. Paid circulation is when a magazine is published to a paid audience. Free circulation is when a magazine is distributed for free. Controlled circulation is an insider magazine or industry-based magazine where it is distributed to only those who qualify. In the library technical sense a "magazine" paginates with each issue starting at Page 1.[1] Academic or professional publications that are not peer-reviewed are generally professional magazines.[2]

Contents

History

The Gentleman's Magazine, first published in 1731, in London, is considered to have been the first general-interest magazine. Edward Cave, who edited The Gentleman's Magazine under the pen name "Sylvanus Urban", was the first to use the term "magazine", on the analogy of a military storehouse of varied materiel, originally derived from the Arabic makhazin "storehouses".[3]

The oldest consumer magazine still in print is The Scots Magazine, which was first published in 1739, though multiple changes in ownership and gaps in publication totaling over 90 years weaken that claim. Lloyd's List was founded in Edward Lloyd’s England coffee shop in 1734; it is still published as a daily business newspaper.

See also

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