Major League Baseball Most Valuable Player Award

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The Major League Baseball Most Valuable Player Award (MVP) is an annual Major League Baseball (MLB) award given to one outstanding player in the American and National Leagues. Since 1931, it has been awarded by the Baseball Writers Association of America (BBWAA). The winner receives the Kenesaw Mountain Landis Memorial Baseball Award, which is named in honor of the first MLB commissioner, who served from 1920 to 1944.[1] MVP voting takes place before the postseason but the results are not announced until after the World Series. The BBWAA began polling three writers in each league city in 1938, reducing that number to two per league city in 1961.[2]

First basemen, with 34 winners, have won the most MVPs among infielders, followed by second basemen (16), third basemen (15), and shortstops (14). Of the twenty-three pitchers who have won the award, fourteen are right-handed while nine are left-handed. Carl Hubbell and Hal Newhouser are the only pitchers to win multiple times, Newhouser winning consecutively in 1944 and 1945.[3] No pitcher has been named MVP since Dennis Eckersley in 1992. Hank Greenberg, Stan Musial, Alex Rodriguez, and Robin Yount have won at different positions,[3] while Rodriguez is the only player to win the award with two different teams at two different positions.[4] Barry Bonds has won the most often (seven times) and the most consecutively (2001–2004).[5] Jimmie Foxx was the first player to win multiple times;[5] ten players have won three times and seventeen have won twice.[6]

The award's only tie occurred in the National League in 1979 when Keith Hernandez and Willie Stargell received an equal amount of points.[3][7] There have been 17 unanimous winners, meaning they received all the first-place votes.[2] The New York Yankees have the most winning players with 22, followed by the St. Louis Cardinals with 20 winners. Five franchises have not had a winner. The most recent recipients are Josh Hamilton in the American League and Joey Votto in the National League.

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