Malcolm Fraser

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John Malcolm Fraser AC, CH, GCL (pronounced /ˈfreɪzər/; born 21 May 1930) is a former Australian Liberal Party politician who was the 22nd Prime Minister of Australia.[1] He came to power in the 1975 election following the dismissal of the Whitlam Labor government, in which he played a key role. After three election victories, he was defeated by Bob Hawke in the 1983 election and ended his career alienated from his own party.


Early life

Malcolm Fraser was born in Toorak to a family with a history of involvement in politics and the pastoral/grazing industry. His grandfather, Simon Fraser, emigrated from Nova Scotia in 1853, becoming a successful pastoralist and land speculator, as well as a member of the Victorian Parliament, the Federation Conventions of 1897–98 and the Australian Senate.[2] Malcolm Fraser's father, John Neville Fraser, was a pastoralist at Deniliquin in the Riverina region of New South Wales and later at a property called "Nareen", near Hamilton in the Western District of Victoria.[3][4] Malcolm Fraser's mother, Una Woolf, was of Jewish descent.[2]

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