María Félix

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María Félix (April 8, 1914 – April 8, 2002) was a Mexican film actress, and one of the icons of the golden era of the Cinema of Mexico. She was more commonly known, particularly in her later years, by the honorific La Doña.



She was born María de los Ángeles Félix Güereña in Álamos, Sonora, Mexico. There is some dispute regarding Miss Félix's date of birth. There is a large (but not unanimous) opinion that she was born on April 8, 1914, which means that she died on her 88th birthday. However, her obituary in The New York Times states that she was born on May 4, 1914, which would have made her 87 at the time of her death on April 8, 2002. Some claim her birth certificate supports the April 8, 1914 birthdate, although no actual evidence (such as a copy of either the birth or the death certificate) has been presented as concrete evidence[citation needed].


Her father, Bernardo Félix, was of Yaqui Indian descent and her mother, Josefina Güereña, was of Spanish descent and was educated in a convent at Pico Heights, California.[citation needed]

She had one child, Enrique Álvarez Félix, by her first husband, Enrique Álvarez. Enrique Álvarez Félix was a Mexican telenovela actor. He predeceased his mother, dying in 1996.


María Félix was discovered by businessman Fernando Palacios in Mexico City. Palacios presented with the filmmaker Miguel Zacarías, who would give him the opportunity of starring El Peñon de las Animas alongside Jorge Negrete. In 1943 she starred Doña Bárbara, directed by Fernando de Fuentes and inspired in the novel of the Venezuelan writer Romulo Gallegos). De Fuentes increased her popularity with such films as La Mujer sin Alma (1944) and La Devoradora (1946); the latter making the actress the vamp of Mexican cinema in the 1940s. She refused to work in Hollywood unless she made her grand entrance from the "big door" and not the small roles offered by Cecil B. de Mille. Félix stated "I was not born to carry a basket".[citation needed]

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