Marco Polo

related topics
{son, year, death}
{land, century, early}
{country, population, people}
{work, book, publish}
{film, series, show}
{church, century, christian}
{god, call, give}
{city, large, area}
{game, team, player}
{day, year, event}
{island, water, area}
{government, party, election}
{specie, animal, plant}

Marco Polo (English pronunciation: /ˈmɑrkoʊ ˈpoʊloʊ/  ( listen); Italian pronunciation: [ˈmarko ˈpɔːlo]) (c. 1254 – January 8, 1324) was a Christian merchant from the Venetian Republic who wrote Il Milione, which introduced Europeans to Central Asia and China. He learned about trading whilst his father and uncle, Niccolò and Maffeo, travelled through Asia and met Kublai Khan. In 1269, they returned to Venice to meet Marco for the first time. The three of them embarked on an epic journey to Asia, returning after 24 years to find Venice at war with Genoa; Marco was imprisoned, and dictated his stories to a cellmate. He was released in 1299, became a wealthy merchant, married and had 3 children. He died in 1324, and was buried in San Lorenzo.

Il Milione was translated, embellished, copied by hand and adapted; there is no authoritative version. It documents his father's journey to meet the Kublai Khan, who asked them to become ambassadors, and communicate with the pope. This led to Marco's quest, through Acre, into China and to the Mongol court. Marco wrote of his extensive travels throughout Asia on behalf of the Khan, and their eventual return after 15,000 miles (24,140 km) and 24 years of adventures.

Their pioneering journey inspired Columbus[1] and others. Marco Polo's other legacies include Venice Marco Polo Airport, the Marco Polo sheep, and several books and films. He also had an influence on European cartography, leading to the introduction of the Fra Mauro map.

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Robert Michael Ballantyne
Robert Frost
Augustus John
John II of Portugal
Robbie Ross
Æthelwulf of Wessex
Horatio Alger, Jr.
Henrietta Maria of France
Earl of Cork
Duke of Devonshire
Olav IV of Norway
Louis XIII of France
Jules Dumont d'Urville
Fujiwara no Michinaga
Christian II of Denmark
Valeria Messalina
Prince of Wales
Veronica Franco
Mary of Hungary
Akihito
Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden
Richard Aldington
Margaret Pole, 8th Countess of Salisbury
House of Orange-Nassau
Hugh Capet
Peter III of Russia
Henry Morton Stanley
Felix Yusupov
Elizabeth Gaskell
Anne of Great Britain