Marco Polo Bridge Incident

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Republic of China Army Flag.svgQin Dechun(秦德純)(Mayor of Beijing, general)


The Marco Polo Bridge Incident (盧溝橋事變; also known as 七七事變, 七七盧溝橋事變 or the Lugouqiao Incident) was a battle between the Republic of China's National Revolutionary Army and the Imperial Japanese Army, often used as the marker for the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945).

The eleven-arch granite bridge, Lugouqiao, is an architecturally significant structure, restored by the Kangxi Emperor (1662–1722). Often signifying the opening of Japan's comprehensive invasion of mainland China, both this 7 July and 18 September (Mukden Incident) are still remembered as days of national humiliation by some Chinese.



The battle is known by different names.

  • In the West
    • The Marco Polo Bridge Incident
    • Battle of Lugou Bridge
  • In China
    • Incident of July 7 (七七事變/七七事变 pinyin: Qīqī Shìbiàn)
    • Lugou Bridge Incident (盧溝橋事變/卢沟桥事变 Lúgōuqiáo Shìbiàn)
    • July 7 Lugou Bridge Incident (七七盧溝橋事變/七七卢沟桥事变 Qīqī Lúgōuqiáo Shìbiàn)
  • In Japan:
    • Rokō Bridge Incident (盧溝橋事件 Rokōkyō Jiken?)
  • In North Korea:
    • Incident of July 7 (칠칠사건 Ch'ilch'il sagŏn)

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