Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa

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Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa (c. 63 BC – 12 BC) was a Roman statesman and general.[1] He was a close friend, son-in-law, lieutenant and defense minister to Octavian, the future emperor Caesar Augustus. He was responsible for most of Octavian’s military victories, most notably winning the naval Battle of Actium against the forces of Mark Antony and Cleopatra VII of Egypt.

He was the son-in-law of the Emperor Augustus, maternal grandfather of the Emperor Caligula, father-in-law of the Emperor Tiberius and the Emperor Claudius, and maternal great-grandfather of the Emperor Nero.

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Early life

Agrippa was born between 23 October and 23 November in 64–62 BC,[2] in an uncertain location.[3] His father was perhaps called Lucius Vipsanius Agrippa. [4] He had an elder brother whose name was also Lucius Vipsanius Agrippa, and a sister named Vipsania Polla. The family had not been prominent in Roman public life.[5] However, Agrippa was about the same age as Octavian (the future emperor Augustus), and the two were educated together and became close friends. Despite Agrippa's association with the family of Julius Caesar, his elder brother chose another side in the civil wars of the 40s BC, fighting under Cato against Caesar in Africa. When Cato's forces were defeated, Agrippa's brother was taken prisoner but freed after Octavian interceded on his behalf.[6]

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