Margaret Tudor

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Margaret Tudor (28 November 1489 – 18 October 1541) was the elder of the two surviving daughters of Henry VII of England and Elizabeth of York, and the elder sister of Henry VIII. In 1503, she married James IV, King of Scots. Her son with the King in time became King James V and his daughter became Queen Mary I of Scotland. In addition, she was also the grandmother of Mary's consort, Lord Darnley, through her second marriage. Margaret's marriage to James foreshadowed the Union of the Crowns - their great-grandson, James VI & I, would become King of England and Ireland, as well as King of Scots, on the death of Margaret's fraternal niece, Elizabeth I.

Born on 28 November 1489, Margaret was baptised two days later on the 30th — St. Andrew's Day — in St. Margaret's Church, Westminster, sharing a name with Scotland's only royal saint. In all, Margaret married three times.


The Thistle and the Rose

Daughters may have been less welcome to kings than sons; however, they were important political assets in a world where diplomacy and marriage were often closely linked. Even before her sixth birthday, Henry VII thought about a marriage between James and Margaret, as a way of ending the Scottish king's support for Perkin Warbeck, Yorkist pretender to the throne of England. Though not immediately welcome, the card was not withdrawn, once played. In September 1497, James concluded a lengthy truce with Henry, and the marriage was again presented as a serious possibility. It is said that some on the English royal council objected to the match, saying that it would bring the Stewarts directly into the line of succession, to which the wily and astute Henry replied that "our realme wald receive na damage thair thorow, for in that caise Ingland wald not accress unto Scotland, bot Scotland wald acress unto Ingland, as to the most noble heid of the hole yle… evin as quhan Normandy came in the power of Inglis men our forberis."

On 24 January 1502, Scotland and England concluded the Treaty of Perpetual Peace, the first such agreement between the two realms for over one hundred and seventy years. The marriage treaty was concluded the same day and was the most visible sign — and guarantee — of the new peace. The marriage was completed by proxy, so Margaret was now regarded as Queen of Scots; it has been noted by some historians that her brother Henry, then a child, second in line to the throne and Duke of York, threw a tantrum when he realised his sister now held higher precedence in court than he.[citation needed]

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