Markleeville, California

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Coordinates: 38°41′42″N 119°46′49″W / 38.695°N 119.78028°W / 38.695; -119.78028

Markleeville (formerly, Markleville)[1] is a census-designated place (CDP) and the county seat of Alpine County, California. The population was 197 at the 2000 census.

The CDP of Markleeville also includes Woodfords.

Contents

History

Markleeville traces its beginnings to the land claim of Jacob Marklee who established a toll bridge across a tributary of the Carson River in 1861 during the height of the silver mining boom at nearby Silver Mountain City. He recorded his land claim of 160 acres (0.65 km2) on June 23, 1862, in Douglas County, Nevada, but after the boundary survey his claim was in California. During the rush to the Comstock Lode, the town of Markleeville was built upon Marklee's land. Marklee hoped to prosper from the freight and supplies headed to the mining camps, but was instead killed in a gunfight in 1863, his killer going free on a plea of self defense.

A post office opened in Markleeville in 1863.[1]

When the mines shut down, Markleeville assumed the county seat and remains the center of government services for Alpine County — the Alpine County Courthouse now occupies the site of Marklee's cabin, which is California Historical Landmark #240.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 19.1 square miles (49.5 km²), all of it land. The region comprising Markleeville is Alpine in appearance, with lush grassy valley areas. There is a hot springs, and there is a State Park with an excellent campground. Excellent hiking trails abound.

Climate

Markleeville has warm summers with only occasional rainfall, mostly from afternoon and evening thunderstorms; nights are usually well below 50 °F (10 °C). Winters are cold and often snowy. The average January temperatures are a maximum of 45.7 °F (7.6 °C) and a minimum of 17.4 °F (−8.1 °C). The average July temperatures are a maximum of 84.5 °F (29.2 °C) and a minimum of 43.1 °F (6.2 °C). There are an average of 15.7 days with highs of 90 °F (32 °C) or higher and an average of 221.7 days with lows of 32 °F (0 °C) or lower. The record high temperaure was 102 °F (39 °C) on July 11, 1931. The record low temperature was −25 °F (−32 °C) on December 22, 1990.

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