Marlboro, Vermont

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Marlboro is a town in Windham County, Vermont, United States. The population was 978 at the 2000 census. The town is home to both the Southern Vermont Natural History Museum and Marlboro College, which each summer hosts the Marlboro Music School and Festival.



Named for the Duke of Marlborough, the town was a New Hampshire grant chartered on April 29, 1751 to Timothy Dwight and 64 others from Northampton, Massachusetts and vicinity. But the French and Indian War prevented settlement, so the charter was renewed by Governor Benning Wentworth on September 21, 1761, then again on April 17, 1764 as New Marlborough. First settled in 1763,[3] the town grew rapidly between 1764 and 1770 with emigrants from Massachusetts and Connecticut.[4]

Although the terrain is mountainous, the soil is rich and deep, which allowed farmers to grow good crops. When the population was 896 in 1859, the community was almost exclusively agricultural.[5] In 1946, Marlboro College was founded by Walter Hendricks for returning World War II veterans.[6] In 2006, Marlboro was one of the first American towns to have its citizens pass a resolution endorsing the impeachment of President George W. Bush.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 40.7 square miles (105.3 km2), of which, 40.3 square miles (104.5 km2) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.8 km2) of it (0.79%) is water. Marlboro is drained by the western branch of the West River, Whetstone Brook and the Green River.

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