Masanobu Fukuoka (福岡 正信 Fukuoka Masanobu, Fukuoka Shōshin) (2 February 1913 – 16 August 2008) lived in Japan, living the lifestyle of a Japanese farmer within nature and a natural–philosopher, actively and widely communicating his practical realisations. His many specific activities included educator (先生 sensei), writer, naturalist, calligraphy–drawings–poetry–art creator, researcher, speaker across Europe, USA and Asia, leader of re-vegetation of desertified lands in Europe, USA, Asia & Africa, professional biological scientist early in working life, and more. In general, polymath.
The greening of the desert means sowing seeds in people's hearts and creating a green paradise of peace on earth.
—Masanobu Fukuoka, The Road Back to Nature 1987 -page 360
The Ultimatum of God Nature•The One-Straw Revolution•A Recapitulation 1996 -page 203 
—Masanobu Fukuoka, The One-Straw Revolution 1978 -page 119 
These quotations of his ultimate dream and goal, philosophical or spiritual kinds of goal, in other words meta-physical kinds, not only physical nor material kinds of goal, distinguishes his practise as ultimately "Green...Oriental natural philosophy", and distinguishes him as an "Oriental natural" philosopher–farmer, instead of as only a commercial or materialist farmer.
Founder of no-till no-herbicide grain cultivation in contemporary terms among various individuals worldwide, and many peoples' societies around our Earth continuing ancient no-till nature farming practises-cultures, for example many indigenous peoples. More generally his systems, commonly in English get referred to as "The Natural Way of Farming" or Natural Farming, Do Nothing Farming, 'Fukuoka Farming', or the 'Fukuoka Method'.
Creator in Japanese, of more than ten books, of scientific papers, essays, poetry, lectures, television documentaries and interviews, patents and Iroha song-verses. Published scientific papers at least as early as 1937, books at least as early as one self-published in 1947, and the apparent next book, better known in 1958. Television documentaries and interviews on NHK (Japan's national public broadcaster) as early as 1976 or earlier, and 13 or more programs recorded from 1976 onwards. Of his Japanese books five at least, have published translations to English. Of his Japanese books having a translation to English, three at least, of those and some more of his books not yet translated to English, have some translations to languages including: Greek, Thai, several Indian-subcontinent languages: Malayalam Marathi Gujarati Telugu Bengali Hindi Tamil Kannada, French, Italian, German, Spanish, Catalan, Philippines-Tagalog, Chinese, Serbian, Croatian, Turkish, Korean, Estonian, Russian, etc.
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