Mason Remey

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Charles Mason Remey (May 15, 1874 - February 4, 1974) was a prominent and controversial American Bahá'í who was appointed in 1951 a Hand of the Cause,[1][2] and president of the International Bahá'í Council.[1][3] He was the architect for the Bahá'í Houses of Worship in Uganda and Australia, and Shoghi Effendi approved his design of the unbuilt House of Worship in Haifa, Israel.[1]

When Shoghi Effendi died in 1957, he died without explicitly appointing a successor Guardian, and Remey was among the nine Hands of the Cause elected as an interim authority until the election of the first Universal House of Justice in 1963.[4] However, in 1960 Remey declared himself to be the successor of Shoghi Effendi, and expected the allegiance of the world's Bahá'ís.[5] Subsequently, he and his followers were declared Covenant breakers by the Hands.[1] They reasoned that he lacked a formal appointment from Shoghi Effendi, and that the office was confined to male descendants of Bahá'u'lláh, the Aghsan. Almost the whole Bahá'í world rejected his claim,[6] but he gained the support of a small but widespread group of Bahá'ís.[1] His claim resulted in the largest schism in the history of the Bahá'í Faith, with a few groups still holding the belief that Remey was the successor of Shoghi Effendi. Various dated references show membership at less than a hundred each in two of the surviving groups.[7][8]

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