Mathews County, Virginia

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Mathews County is a county on the Middle Peninsula of the Hampton Roads metropolitan area of the U.S. state of Virginia. As of 2000, the population was 9,207. Its county seat is Mathews[1].



During Virginia's Colonial Era, the area which later became Mathews County was a portion of Gloucester County. The small town at Mathews Court House (also known as simply "Mathews") was originally named Westville, and was established around 1700. In 1691, the Virginia General Assembly had directed that each county designate an official port-of-entry. Westville was located along Put-in Creek, a waterway which is a tidal tributary of Virginia's East River, feeding into Mobjack Bay, itself a tributary of the Chesapeake Bay. [2]

In 1776, Virginia's last Royal Governor, Lord Dunmore, left Virginia after being driven to Gwynn's Island by General Andrew Lewis and the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. About 10 years after Virginia gained its independence from Great Britain, Mathews County was established in 1791 from part of Gloucester County. The county was named for Brigadier General Thomas Mathews, then speaker of the House of Delegates of the General Assembly of Virginia. Westville was designated at the county seat (later become known variously as Mathews Court House or simply Mathews). [3]


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