McCulloch County, Texas

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McCulloch County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. In 2000, its population was 8,205. Its county seat is Brady[1]. McCulloch is named for Benjamin McCulloch, a famous Texas Ranger and Confederate general.


History Timeline

  • 5000 b.c. – 1500 a.d. Early native American inhabitants include Tonkawa, Lipan Apache, Comanche, Tawakoni.[2]
  • 1788 José Mares expedition from San Antonio to Santa Fe.[3]
  • 1831, November 21 - In the Brady vicinity, James Bowie, Rezin P. Bowie, David Buchanan, Cephas D. Hamm, Matthew Doyle, Jesse Wallace, Thomas McCaslin, Robert Armstrong, James Coryell with two servants, Charles and Gonzales, hold at bay for a day and a night, 164 Caddo and Lipans. After 80 warriors have been killed, the Indians withdraw.[4]
  • 1852 Camp San Saba established to protect settlers from Indians.[5]
  • 1856 The Sixth Legislature forms McCulloch County from Bexar, named for Benjamin McCulloch.[2]
  • 1876 Voca Waterwheel Mill built.[6]
  • 1880 Brady Sentinel, is established by D.F. Hayes, county’s first newspaper. Later is absorbed by Heart o’ Texas News run by R.B. Boyle.[2]
  • 1886-1912 County Swedish colonies of East Sweden,[7] West Sweden[8] and Melvin[9] are established.
  • 1897-1910 Brady Enterprise aka McCullouch County Enterprise is published.[2]
  • 1899 McCullouch County sandstone courthouse built. Romanesque Revival style by architects Martin & Moodie.[10]
  • 1900 The Milburn Messenger is edited by T.F. Harwell. Cotton becomes a major county crop.[2]
  • 1903 Fort Worth and Rio Grande Railway comes to McCullouch.[2]
  • 1904-1907 W.D. Currie publishes the Mercury Mascot.[2]
  • 1906-1910 McCullouch County Star is published.[2]
  • 1909 Brady Standard, edited by F.W. Schwenker, begins publication. Absorbes McCullouch County Star and the Brady Enterprise in 1910.[2]
  • 1909 The Rochelle Record started by W.D. Cowan.[2]
  • 1915 The Melvin Rustler begins publication.[2]
  • 1917 J. Marvin Hunter founds Melvin Enterprise.[2]
  • 1920’s McCulloch County billing itself as "The Turkey Center of the Universe", holds an annual Turkey Trot.[2]
  • 1923 J. Marvin Hunter founds Frontier Times in Melvin and later moves it to Bandera. [11]
  • 1930’s Tenant farming in the county peaks at 60%.[2]
  • 1932 Colorado River floods, cresting at 62.2 feet[2]
  • 1938 Brady Creek floods, cresting at 29.1 feet. The San Saba River floods, cresting at 39.8 feet.[12]
  • 1941- Curtis Field, named for Brady Mayor Harry L. Curtis, opens with 80 students as a flying school.[13]
  • 1943, County prisoner of war camp set up and includes Rommel's Afrika Corps, as well as members of the S.S. and the Gestapo.[2]
  • 1946 Crockett State School takes over former POW camp and uses as a training school for delinquent black girls.[14]
  • 1954-1960 Forty-eight restraining structures installed in the county to control flooding.[2]
  • 1963 Brady Creek Reservoir is constructed, partially controlling flooding on the San Saba River.[15] Tourist Information Marker placed, declaring McCullouch the geographical center of Texas.[16]

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