McDermitt, Nevada-Oregon

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McDermitt is an unincorporated community straddling the NevadaOregon border, in Humboldt County, Nevada, and Malheur County, Oregon in the United States. For statistical purposes, the census bureau has defined the portion of McDermitt in Nevada as a census-designated place (CDP). The census definition of the area may not precisely correspond to local understanding of the area with the same name. The Oregon portion of McDermitt is not part of the CDP, but is included in the Ontario, OR–ID Micropolitan Statistical Area.

As of the 2000 census, the CDP population was 269,[2] a precipitous decline from the 373 people enumerated in the census a decade earlier.[citation needed]

Contents

History

The community, originally called Dugout, was named after Fort McDermit, which in turn was named after Lt. Col. Charles McDermit,[3] a commander of the Military District of Nevada in the 1860s; he was originally from Altoona, Pennsylvania.[citation needed] It is unknown why there is a discrepancy in the spelling.[3] Fort McDermit, which was five miles (8 km) outside the current township, was originally established to protect a stagecoach route from Virginia City to Boise, Idaho. The township of Dugout was established as support for the military fort.

Geography and climate

The community is on U.S. Highway 95, 73 miles (117 km) north of Winnemucca. The elevation of McDermitt is 4,432 feet (1,351 m) above sea level.[1]

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