McLendon-Chisholm, Texas

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McLendon-Chisholm is a city in Rockwall County, Texas, United States. The population was 914 at the 2000 census. A July 1, 2008 U.S. Census Bureau estimate placed the population at 1,136.[3]

Contents

Geography

McLendon-Chisholm is located at 32°50′46″N 96°23′24″W / 32.84611°N 96.39°W / 32.84611; -96.39 (32.846035, -96.390123)[4]. It is situated along State Highway 205 in south central Rockwall County, approximately six miles southeast of Rockwall.[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.9 square miles (25.8 km²), of which, 9.9 square miles (25.6 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.90%) is water.

History

The community of McLendon-Chisholm began as two separate settlements: McLendon and Chisholm.[5]

McLendon

Named for landowner P.A. McLendon, the community of McLendon was settled around 1870. He built a combination store, cotton gin, and blacksmith shop that remained in operation until 1975. A post office opened in 1880 and by 1896, McLendon was home to an estimated 150 residents. The post office closed in 1905. Throughout the early twentieth century, the population hovered around 50.[5]

Chisholm

The land that would eventually become the site of Chisholm was given to Mexican War veteran King Latham in 1847.[6] Enoch Parson Chisholm and his brother B. Frank Chisholm, from which the community's name was derived, purchased 200 acres (0.81 km2) from Latham in 1856. A few years later, Enoch purchased an additional 600 acres (2.4 km2) for $2.00/acre. He organized the Chisholm Methodist Church in 1871 and the community of Chisholm was officially platted in 1886. In that same year, Berry Creek Academy was formed through the merger of two local schools. Chisholm's first store opened in 1890 and a post office was established in 1891. By 1898, Berry Creek Academy was the second-largest school in Rockwall County, boasting a total enrollment of 301 students. The Chisholm post office closed in 1905, but the community continued to grow. The population was estimated at 102 in 1904 and peaked at approximately 200 in 1940. By the 1960s, that figure had dropped to around 167.[5]

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