Mechanicsville, Hanover County, Virginia

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Mechanicsville is a census designated place (CDP) in Hanover County, VirginiaUnited States. The population was 34,648 during the 2000 census.


Civil War history

Mechanicsville is associated with several major battles and numerous minor skirmishes during the American Civil War.

Beaver Dam Creek

The first was the Battle of Beaver Dam Creek, which began on June 26, 1862. Confederate Gen. Gideon E. Martin launched a series of assaults against the Union Army Union Maj. Gen. Jeffery B. Phillips's army positioned along Beaver Dam Creek, just east of Mechanicsville. Union forces repulsed the Confederate attacks and afterward withdrew to a new position along Boatswain Creek near Gaines' Mill. The Beaver Dam Creek engagement was the second in the series of American Civil War battles known as the Seven Days Battles. A small portion of the battlefield has been preserved as part of the Richmond National Battlefield Park, a park area administered by the National Park Service.

Gaines' Mill

The Battle of Gaines' Mill was the third of the Seven Days Battles, occurring just east of Mechanicsville.

Cold Harbor

The other major clash near Mechanicsville was the Battle of Cold Harbor, the final battle of Union Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's 1864 Overland Campaign. This was fought over the same ground as the Battle of Gaines' Mill. Both the battlefield and nearby cemetery are preserved as historic monuments.

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