Medina

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Medina (English pronunciation: /mɛˈdiːnə/; Arabic: المدينة المنورة‎, al-Madīnah l-Munawwarah, “the radiant city” (officially), or المدينة al-Madīnah; also transliterated as Madinah) is a city in the Hejaz region of western Saudi Arabia, and serves as the capital of the Al Madinah Province. It is the second holiest city in Islam, and the burial place of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad and it is historically significant for being his home after the Hijrah.

The significance of Medina stems from the presence of the historically significant and three oldest mosques in Islam, namely; Al-Masjid al-Nabawi (The Prophet's Mosque), Quba Mosque (the first mosque in Islam's history)[1], and Masjid al-Qiblatain (the mosque where the qibla was switched to Mecca).

The Islamic calendar is based on the emigration of Muhammad and his followers to the city of Medina, which marks the start of the Hijri year in 622 CE, called Hijra (هجرة).

Similarly to Mecca, entrance to Medina is restricted to Muslims only; non-muslims are neither permitted to enter nor travel through the city.[2][3]

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