Mellette County, South Dakota

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Mellette County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of 2000, the population was 2,083. Its county seat is White River.[1] The county was named after Arthur C. Mellette (June 25, 1842 – May 25, 1896) who was the last Governor of the Dakota Territory and was the first Governor of the state of South Dakota.



According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,310 square miles (3,392 km²), of which 1,306 square miles (3,384 km²) is land and 3 square miles (8 km²) (0.25%) is water.


The county is divided into sixteen townships: Bad Nation, Blackpipe, Butte, Cody, Fairview, Mosher, New Surprise Valley, Norris, Prospect, Red Fish, Ring Thunder, Riverside, Rocky Ford, Rosebud, Running Bird, and Surprise Valley; and two areas of unorganized territory: Cedarbutte and Central Mellette.

Major highways

Adjacent counties


As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 2,083 people, 694 households, and 498 families residing in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 824 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 44.74% White, 52.42% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.24% from other races, and 2.50% from two or more races. 1.68% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

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