Memory

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In psychology, memory is an organism's ability to store, retain, and recall information and experiences. Traditional studies of memory began in the fields of philosophy, including techniques of artificially enhancing memory. The late nineteenth and early twentieth century put memory within the paradigms of cognitive psychology. In recent decades, it has become one of the principal pillars of a branch of science called cognitive neuroscience, an interdisciplinary link between cognitive psychology and neuroscience.

Contents

Processes

From an information processing perspective there are three main stages in the formation and retrieval of memory:

  • Encoding or registration (receiving, processing and combining of received information)
  • Storage (creation of a permanent record of the encoded information)
  • Retrieval, recall or recollection (calling back the stored information in response to some cue for use in a process or activity)

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