Menard County, Texas

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Menard County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. In 2000, its population was 2,360. Its seat is Menard[1]. Menard County is named for Michel Branamour Menard, the founder of Galveston, Texas.


History Timeline

  • 8000 b.c. Early native American inhabitants arrive. Later native Americans include Comanche and Lipan Apache.[2]
  • 1757, April - Father Alonso Giraldo de Terreros founds Presidio San Luis de las Amarillas, as a support for Santa Cruz de San Sabá Mission, for the Apache Indians.[3]
  • 1830’s, James Bowie and Rezin P. Bowie, scour the San Saba valley seeking a silver mine that the Spanish had believed to be in the area. They are unsuccessful, but the legend of the Lost Bowie Mine, also known as the Lost San Saba Mine or the Los Almagres Mine, feeds the imagination of treasure-seekers for the next 150 years.[4][5]
  • 1852 Camp San Saba is established to protect settlers from Indian attacks.[6][7]
  • 1858 State legislature forms Menard County from Bexar County The county was named for Michel Branamour Menard, the founder of Galveston. Menardville, later known as Menard becomes the county seat.[8]
  • 1870 County population is 667. 295 are white. 372 are black, possibly due to the Buffalo Soldiers at Fort McKavett.[2][6]
  • 1871 Menard County residents elect their own officials.[2]
  • 1880’s County immigrant influx from Mexico.[2]
  • 1911, February - Fort Worth and Rio Grande Railroad Company arrives.[2]
  • 1919 Oil wildcatters hit a dry hole.[2]
  • 1929 Gas deposit is tapped, but plugged for lack of a market.[2]
  • 1931 The local Parent-Teacher Association offers free lunches for needy children.[2]
  • 1934 Texas Relief Cannery is in operation. Drought Relief Program buys cattle and sheep from area ranchers.[2][9]
  • 1941 Gas well is re-drilled and produces about seven million cubic feet of gas.[2]
  • 1946 A small oilfield is discovered northeast of Fort McKavett but abandoned the following year.[2]
  • 1960’s Oil and gas production with an average annual yield of more than 270,000 barrels (43,000 m3).[2]
  • 1980’s Of the county's forty oilfields, about twenty are still active producing 132,000 to 185,000 barrels (29,400 m3) annually.[2]

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