Menominee County, Wisconsin

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Menominee County is a county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. In 2000, the population was 4,562. Its county seat is Keshena[1].

The county was created on July 3, 1959, in anticipation of the termination of the Menominee Indian Reservation in 1961. The reservation status was restored in 1973, and is now co-extensive with the county. Most of the land within the county boundary is under Federal Trust for the exclusive use by enrolled Menominee Indians. Scattered parcels that were purchased during Termination, as well as many lots around the Legend Lake area in the southeastern part of the county, are the only parts of the county that are privately-owned by non-Indians.

Most of Menominee County's population consists of Menominees.



According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 365 square miles (945 km²), of which 358 square miles (927 km²) is land and 7 square miles (18 km²) (1.93%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways


At the 2000 census[2], there were 4,562 people, 1,345 households and 1,065 families residing in the county. This total makes it the least-populous county in the state. The population density was 13 per square mile (5/km²). There were 2,098 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 11.57% White, 0.07% Black or African American, 87.26% Native American, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. 2.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 5.0% were of German ancestry according to Census 2000. 89.8% spoke English, 7.0% Menominee and 1.6% Hmong as their first language.

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